According to Pawan and Ward (2007) Integrated curricula consists of various subjects so that the content in each is continued, supported, and reiterated across the subjects.
The reasons to include integrated curriculum at the middle school and high school levels include the fact that an integrated curriculum takes advantage of an age and a period of curiosity and exploration. It helps maintain curriculum pressure across subject areas and it can help students experience unsegregated content instruction. All of the subjects have an equal importance.
There are many possibilities for curricula integration. In the following figure there are examples of five levels of curricula integration.
(Adapted from Pawan and Ward, original source: Lake, 1994)
Successful teacher collaboration in integrated curriculum is premised on the following factors: assertive and continued administrative support, strong collaborative foundation, establishment of informal communities of practice, utilization of successful strategies that are teacher generated, and informed selection of teacher leaders. Cross-curricular collaboration brings together teachers from different subject areas to plan and execute collaboration in the classroom.
To read more Publications by Dr. Faridah Pawan.