Collaboration vocabulary


Coaching is identifying and developing person or team’s strengths. It’s a partnership between the coach and the person/s being coached. The methods used usually develop through conversation. Coaching recognizes that individual differences will and should occur in how most changes are implemented in the classroom.

Cooperation vs. collaboration

Cooperation can be defined as working together to accomplish one goal or goals. A cooperative task can be divided among the participants where each person is responsible for their own part of the task. In cooperation the focus is more on the outcome of the project than the process. Collaboration then again is working together to accomplish a shared goal. Successful collaboration requires participants to share knowledge in interaction. Collaboration requires discussion, dialogue and making decisions together.

Content Based Instruction (CBI)

In content-based instruction (CBI) programs, students learn content subjects through a language that they are learning as an additional language. Under the term CBI, there are various forms around the world, such as immersion programs in Canada and the U.S., Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) in Europe and English-medium education in Asia.


Co-teaching is two or more people sharing responsibility for teaching some or all of the students in a classroom. It involves the distribution of responsibility among the people for planning, instruction and evaluation. Co-teaching partners must establish trust, develop and work on communication, share chores, work together to overcome the inevitable challenges and celebrate the successes of the students.

Education 3.0

In Education 3.0, classes move away from traditional lectures and instead focus on interactive learning, with question and answer sessions, reviews and quizzes, discussions, labs, and various forms of project-based learning. It usually involves customization and personalization, such that educational content is tailored to meet the needs of specific students. It can mean reversing the traditional classroom learning, in which lectures happen in class and homework is done out of class, into flipped classrooms, such that new content is delivered online while students work on assignments together in class.

Integrated / multidisciplinary curriculum

Integrated, interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary curriculum/curricula are terms often used to describe the same phenomena. They all mean a curriculum which is developed to break down barriers between disciplines, to help the students see the “whole picture” and to make the learning more meaningful for the students. An Integrated curriculum consist of careful planning among teachers of various subjects so that the content in each is continued and supported across all the subjects.


Mentoring is a professional guidance relationship in which an experienced and socially valued mentor acts as an adviser for a less experienced employee and thus helps the new teacher develop in their work. This relationship resembles the old guild institution where masters taught the apprentices.

Phenomenon based learning (PhenoBL)

In Phenomenon based learning the phenomena are studied as complete entities, in their real context, and the information and skills related to them are studied interdisciplinary. What makes PhenoBL differ from other interdisciplinary curricula is the focus on student centered approach. In PhenoBL students are encouraged to find and develop the phenomena themselves. Also, the real-life context is highly emphasized.

Teacher professional development (TPD)

Teacher professional development is about teachers learning, learning how to learn, and transforming their knowledge into practice for the benefit of the learners. TPD is a complex process which requires cognitive and emotional involvement of the teachers, both individually and collectively. TPD usually consist of administrator-designed and mandatory professional development programs as well as informal learning opportunities that teachers engage in in their free time, e.g. social media.

Team teaching and teacher teams

Team teaching is when more than two people together do what the traditional teacher has always done alone – plan, teach, assess, and assume responsibility for all the students in the classroom. Team teachers share the leadership and the responsibilities. On this website the term refers to a model where teachers plan, assess and assume responsibility of an interdisciplinary course or lesson at school. They all have their special subject area expertise with the students, but they collaborate throughout the course or lesson to reach the common goal.